What the Heck is a V-Shaped Recovery?

With many states creating plans to reopen the economy, we keep hearing about the recovery. Experts continue to weigh in on what it may look like. But it leaves people wondering, “What the heck is a V-shaped recovery?” 

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If you hadn’t noticed, the American economy has come crashing down. Some people are estimating this will be one of the worst quarters since the Great Depression.

Now, the investment experts and economists are starting to focus on the recovery. And when they get on TV, you start to hear them say things like a V-shaped, or U- shaped recovery. I’ve even heard some talk about a “W” shape or an “L.”

What the Heck is a V-Shaped Recovery?

If you visualize the letter “V”, you see a steep decrease that comes to a point, followed by a steep increase. Think of this as a graph representing important economic data, like GDP, sales, or corporate profits. We’ve seen a rapid decrease in those data points.

V shaped recovery

Many hope that these numbers recover and improve just as quickly as they fell. And we’ll look back at those key statistics and see a “V” shape. This is the most optimistic scenario.

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The U-Shaped Recovery

A U-shaped recovery would see a sharp decrease followed by a gradual bottom. On the other side, the recovery would start slowly and accelerate as time moves on.

Recovery V Shaped

This would make the graph of those data points look more like a “U”. Not as good as a whole, but still not awful either.

A W-Shaped Recovery

V Recovery shape

You have some people worried about a “W” shape. And this wouldn’t be ideal. This would happen in this scenario. We reopen the economy, and things begin to recover quickly. As a result, we see the virus infections spike, which leads to another shutdown. And then the economy would restart at some point in the future.

This would not be ideal, but there is a risk of this happening.

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The L-Shaped Recovery

V shaped recovery

Perhaps the worst possible outcome is an L-shaped recovery. We’ve already seen the rapid decline. But in this scenario, the economic recovery would be long and very slow. A recovery like this could take years to return to where we were before this all started.

What Do I See?

I believe a U-shaped recovery is the most likely scenario at this point. The elected officials are going to reopen the economy at a very measured pace. People are going to be hesitant to spend, and it will take a while for demand to recover.

As much as I would like to see the V-shaped recovery, I don’t see it happening at this point. I am hopeful that we won’t experience a W-shaped curve. In that scenario, the governors would be a lot slower to reopen the economy a second time. And the damage from that would be even worse.

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Financial Planning

About the Author

Neal Watson is a Certified Financial Planner™ Professional and a Financial Advisor with Fleming Watson Financial Advisors. 

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